1 After this, when Nahash king of the Ammonites died and his son Hanun succeeded him,
1Sam 11:1-2 1Sam 12:12 2Sam 10:1-19
2 David thought, 'I shall show Hanun son of Nahash the same faithful love as his father showed me.' And David sent representatives to offer him condolences over his father. But when David's representatives reached Hanun in the Ammonites' country to present these condolences,
1Sam 30:26 2Kgs 4:13 2Sam 9:1 2Sam 9:7 Deut 23:3-6 Eccl 9:15 Esth 6:3
3 the Ammonite leaders said to Hanun, 'Do you really think David means to honour your father when he sends you messengers with sympathy? On the contrary, the reason why his representatives have come to you is to explore, overthrow and reconnoitre the country.
1Cor 13:5-7 1Kgs 12:8-11 1Sam 29:4 1Sam 29:9 Gen 42:9-18 Josh 2:1-3 Judg 1:23-24
4 Whereupon Hanun seized David's representatives, shaved them, cut their clothes off half-way up, right by their buttocks, and sent them away.
2Chr 36:16 2Sam 10:4-5 Isa 15:2 Isa 20:4 Isa 47:2-3 Jer 41:5 Jer 48:37
5 As soon as David was told how the men had been treated, he sent someone to meet them, since the men were overcome with shame. 'Stay in Jericho,' the king said, 'until your beards have grown, and come back then.'
1Kgs 16:34 Josh 6:24-26 Judg 16:22 Matt 18:31
6 When the Ammonites realised that they had antagonised David, Hanun and the Ammonites sent a thousand talents of silver to hire chariots and cavalry from the Aramaeans of Upper Mesopotamia, of Maacah and of Zobah.
1Chr 18:5 1Chr 18:9 2Sam 10:6 Gen 34:30 1Kgs 11:23-24 1Sam 13:4 1Sam 14:47
7 They hired thirty-two thousand chariots and the king of Maacah with his people, who came and encamped before Medeba, while the Ammonites, having left their towns and mustered, were advancing to the war.
Josh 13:9 Num 21:30 Josh 13:16 1Chr 18:4 1Sam 13:5 2Chr 14:9 2Sam 10:6
8 When David heard this, he sent Joab with the whole army, the champions.
1Chr 11:6 1Chr 11:10-47 2Sam 23:8-39
9 The Ammonites marched out and drew up their line of battle at the city gate, while the kings who had come kept their distance in the open country.
1Kgs 20:1 1Kgs 20:24 1Sam 17:2 2Chr 13:3 2Chr 14:10 2Sam 10:8 2Sam 18:4
10 Joab, seeing that he had to fight on two fronts, to his front and to his rear, chose the best of Israel's picked men and drew them up in line facing the Aramaeans.
2Sam 10:9-14 Josh 8:22 Judg 20:42-43
11 He entrusted the rest of the army to his brother Abishai, and drew them up in line facing the Ammonites.
1Chr 18:12 1Chr 11:20 1Chr 19:9
12 'If the Aramaeans prove too strong for me,' he said, 'you must come to my help; if the Ammonites prove too strong for you, I shall come to yours.
Eccl 4:9-12 Gal 6:2 Neh 4:20 Phil 1:27-28
13 Be brave and let us fight valiantly, for the sake of our people and for the cities of our God! And let Yahweh dispose as he thinks fit!'
1Cor 16:13 2Sam 10:12 2Sam 16:10-11 Ezra 10:4 Neh 4:14 Ps 27:14 1Sam 3:18
14 Joab and the force with him joined battle with the Aramaeans, who fled at his onslaught.
1Kgs 20:13 1Kgs 20:19-21 1Kgs 20:28-30 2Chr 13:5-16 Jer 46:15-16
15 When the Ammonites saw that the Aramaeans had fled, they too fled from his brother Abishai and withdrew into the city. Joab then returned to Jerusalem.
Lev 26:7 Rom 8:31
16 The Aramaeans, realising that Israel had got the better of them, sent messengers and mobilised the Aramaeans living on the other side of the River, with Shophach, commander of Hadadezer's army, at their head.
2Sam 10:16 Isa 8:9 Mic 4:11-12 Ps 2:1 Zech 14:1-3
17 David, being informed of this, mustered all Israel, crossed the Jordan, made contact with them and took up position near them. David drew up his line of battle facing the Aramaeans, who then engaged him.
1Chr 19:9 Isa 22:6-7
18 But the Aramaeans fled from Israel, and David killed seven thousand of their chariot teams and forty thousand men; and also Shophach, the commander of the army.
2Sam 10:18 1Chr 19:13-14 Ps 18:32 Ps 33:16 Ps 46:11
19 When Hadadezer's vassals saw that Israel had got the better of them, they made peace with David and became his subjects. The Aramaeans were unwilling to give any more help to the Ammonites.
1Chr 14:17 1Kgs 20:1 1Kgs 20:12 2Sam 10:19 Gen 14:4-5 Isa 10:8 Josh 9:9-11