1 There was a man of Ramathaim, a Zuphite from the highlands of Ephraim whose name was Elkanah son of Jeroham, son of Elihu, son of Tohu, son of Zuph, an Ephraimite.
1Sam 1:19 1Chr 6:25-27 1Chr 6:34 1Kgs 11:26 1Sam 9:5 1Sam 17:12 Josh 24:33
2 He had two wives, one called Hannah, the other Peninnah; Peninnah had children but Hannah had none.
Deut 21:15-17 Gen 4:23 Gen 16:1-2 Gen 25:21 Gen 29:23-29 Gen 29:31 Judg 8:30
3 Every year this man used to go up from his town to worship, and to sacrifice to Yahweh Sabaoth at Shiloh. (The two sons of Eli, Hophni and Phinehas, were there as priests of Yahweh.)
Deut 12:5-7 Exod 23:14 Josh 18:1 Luke 2:41 1Sam 1:9 Deut 16:16 Exod 34:23
4 One day Elkanah offered a sacrifice. Now he used to give portions to Peninnah and to all her sons and daughters;
Deut 12:17-18 Deut 16:11 Deut 12:5-7 Lev 3:4 Lev 7:15
5 to Hannah, however, he would give only one portion: for, although he loved Hannah more, Yahweh had made her barren.
Gen 30:2 Gen 29:30-31 Gen 16:1 Gen 20:18 Gen 45:22 Deut 21:15 Gen 43:34
6 Furthermore, her rival would taunt and provoke her, because Yahweh had made her womb barren.
Job 6:14 Job 24:21 Lev 18:18
7 And this went on year after year; every time they went up to the temple of Yahweh she used to taunt her. On that day she wept and would not eat anything;
8 so her husband Elkanah said, 'Hannah, why are you crying? Why are you not eating anything? Why are you so sad? Am I not more to you than ten sons?'
Ruth 4:15 1Thess 5:14 2Kgs 8:12 2Sam 12:16-17 Isa 54:1 Isa 54:6 Job 6:14
9 When they had finished eating in the room, Hannah got up and stood before Yahweh. Eli the priest was sitting on his seat by the doorpost of the temple of Yahweh.
1Sam 3:3 1Sam 3:15 2Sam 7:2 Ps 5:7 Ps 27:4 Ps 29:9
10 In the bitterness of her soul she prayed to Yahweh with many tears,
Job 7:11 Luke 22:44 Heb 5:7 Job 10:1 2Kgs 20:3 2Sam 13:36 2Sam 17:8
11 and she made this vow, 'Yahweh Sabaoth! Should you condescend to notice the humiliation of your servant and keep her in mind instead of disregarding your servant, and give her a boy, I will give him to Yahweh for the whole of his life and no razor shall ever touch his head.'
Judg 13:5 Gen 29:32 Num 6:5 Gen 28:20 1Sam 1:19 Gen 8:1 Gen 30:22
12 While she went on praying to Yahweh, Eli was watching her mouth,
1Thess 5:17 Col 4:2 Eph 6:18 Jas 5:16 Luke 11:8-10 Luke 18:1
13 for Hannah was speaking under her breath; her lips were moving but her voice could not be heard, and Eli thought that she was drunk.
Gen 24:42-45 Rom 8:26 1Cor 13:7 Acts 2:13 Neh 2:4 Ps 25:1 Zech 9:15
14 Eli said, 'How much longer are you going to stay drunk? Get rid of your wine.'
Eph 4:25 Eph 4:31 Job 8:2 Job 11:14 Job 22:23 Josh 22:12-20 Matt 7:1-3
15 'No, my lord,' Hannah replied, 'I am a woman in great trouble; I have not been drinking wine or strong drink -- I am pouring out my soul before Yahweh.
Ps 62:8 Lam 2:19 Ps 42:4 Ps 142:2-3 Ps 143:6 Job 30:16 Prov 15:1
16 Do not take your servant for a worthless woman; all this time I have been speaking from the depth of my grief and my resentment.'
1Sam 2:12 1Sam 10:27 1Sam 25:25 Deut 13:13 Job 6:2-3 Job 10:1-2 Matt 12:34-35
17 Eli then replied, 'Go in peace, and may the God of Israel grant what you have asked of him.'
2Kgs 5:19 Judg 18:6 Mark 5:34 1Sam 25:35 Ps 20:3-5 Luke 7:50 1Chr 4:10
18 To which she said, 'May your servant find favour in your sight.' With that, the woman went away; she began eating and was dejected no longer.
Ruth 2:13 Rom 15:13 Eccl 9:7 Gen 33:15 Gen 32:5 Gen 33:8 John 16:24
19 They got up early in the morning and, after worshipping Yahweh, set out and went home to Ramah. Elkanah lay with his wife Hannah, and Yahweh remembered her.
Gen 30:22 1Sam 1:11 Gen 4:1 Gen 21:1 1Sam 1:1 1Sam 2:11 1Sam 9:26
20 Hannah conceived and, in due course, gave birth to a son, whom she named Samuel, 'since', she said, 'I asked Yahweh for him.'
Gen 41:51-52 Exod 2:10 Exod 2:22 Matt 1:21 Gen 5:29 Gen 16:11 Gen 29:32-35
21 Elkanah, the husband, went up with all his family to offer the annual sacrifice to Yahweh and to fulfil his vow.
1Sam 1:3 Deut 12:11 Gen 18:19 Josh 24:15 Ps 101:2
22 However, Hannah did not go up, having said to her husband, 'Not before the child has been weaned. Then I shall bring him and present him before Yahweh and he will stay there for ever.'
1Sam 1:11 1Sam 1:28 Luke 2:22 1Sam 2:11 1Sam 2:18 1Sam 3:1 Deut 16:16
23 Elkanah her husband then said to her, 'Do what you think fit; wait until you have weaned him. May Yahweh bring about what he has said.' So the woman stayed behind and nursed her child until she weaned him.
2Sam 7:25 1Sam 1:17 Gen 21:7-8 Isa 44:26 Luke 11:27 Matt 24:19 Num 30:7-11
24 When she had weaned him, she took him up with her, as well as a three-year-old bull, an ephah of flour and a skin of wine, and took him into the temple of Yahweh at Shiloh; the child was very young.
Josh 18:1 Deut 12:5-6 Num 15:9-10 1Sam 4:3-4 Deut 12:11 Deut 16:16
25 They sacrificed the bull and led the child to Eli.
Luke 2:22 Luke 18:15-16
26 She said, 'If you please, my lord! As you live, my lord, I am the woman who stood beside you here, praying to Yahweh.
2Kgs 2:2 2Kgs 2:4 2Kgs 2:6 2Kgs 4:30 1Sam 17:55 1Sam 20:3 2Sam 11:11
27 This is the child for which I was praying, and Yahweh has granted me what I asked of him.
1Sam 1:11-13 1John 5:15 Matt 7:7 Ps 6:9 Ps 66:19-20 Ps 116:1-5 Ps 118:5
28 Now I make him over to Yahweh for the whole of his life. He is made over to Yahweh.' They then worshipped Yahweh there.
Gen 24:26 Gen 24:52 1Sam 1:11 2Tim 3:15 1Sam 1:22 Gen 24:48