1 Saul was . . . years old when he became king, and reigned over Israel for . . . years.
Exod 12:5 Mic 6:6
2 Saul selected three thousand men of Israel; two thousand of them were with Saul at Michmash and in the highlands of Bethel, and one thousand with Jonathan at Geba of Benjamin; the rest of the people Saul sent home, everyone to his tent.
1Sam 10:26 1Sam 13:5 1Sam 14:31 1Sam 13:23 1Sam 8:11 1Sam 14:5 1Sam 14:52
3 Jonathan killed the Philistine governor stationed at Gibeah and the Philistines were informed that the Hebrews had risen in revolt. Saul had the trumpet sounded throughout the country,
1Sam 10:5 Judg 3:27 Judg 6:34 1Sam 13:16 1Sam 14:1-6 2Sam 2:28 2Sam 20:1
4 and all Israel heard the news, 'Saul has killed the Philistine governor, and now Israel has antagonised the Philistines.' So all the people rallied behind Saul at Gilgal.
Gen 34:30 Exod 5:21 1Sam 10:8 1Sam 11:14-15 Gen 46:34 Josh 5:9 Zech 11:8
5 The Philistines mustered to make war on Israel, three thousand chariots, six thousand horse and a force as numerous as the sand on the seashore. They came up and pitched camp at Michmash, to the east of Beth-Aven.
Josh 11:4 1Sam 14:23 Josh 18:12 2Chr 1:9 Gen 22:17 Hos 4:15 Hos 5:8
6 When the Israelites saw that their plight was desperate, being so hard pressed, the people hid in caves, in holes, in crevices, in vaults, in wells.
Judg 6:2 Heb 11:38 1Sam 14:11 1Sam 23:19 1Sam 24:3 2Sam 24:14 Exod 14:10-12
7 Some also crossed the Jordan fords into the territory of Gad and Gilead. Saul was still at Gilgal and all the people who followed him were trembling.
Deut 3:12 Deut 20:8 Deut 28:25 Hos 11:10-11 Josh 13:24-31 Judg 7:3 Lev 26:17
8 He waited for seven days, the period fixed by Samuel, but Samuel did not come to Gilgal, and the army, deserting Saul, began dispersing.
9 Saul then said, 'Bring me the burnt offering and the communion sacrifices.' And he presented the burnt offering.
1Kgs 3:4 Deut 12:6 1Sam 13:12-13 1Sam 14:18 1Sam 15:21-22 2Sam 24:25 Isa 66:3
10 Just as he had finished presenting the burnt offering, Samuel arrived, and Saul went out to meet and greet him.
1Sam 15:13 Ps 129:8 Ruth 2:4
11 Samuel said, 'What have you been doing?' Saul replied, 'I saw the army deserting me and dispersing, and you had not come at the time fixed, while the Philistines were mustering at Michmash.
1Sam 13:2 1Sam 13:5 1Sam 13:16 1Sam 13:23 1Sam 14:5 2Kgs 5:25 2Sam 3:24
12 So I thought: Now the Philistines are going to fall on me at Gilgal and I have not implored the favour of Yahweh. So I felt obliged to make the burnt offering myself.'
1Kgs 12:26-27 1Sam 21:7 2Cor 9:7 Amos 8:5 Ps 66:3
13 Samuel said to Saul, 'You have acted like a fool. You have not obeyed the order which Yahweh your God gave you. Otherwise, Yahweh would have confirmed your sovereignty over Israel for ever.
1Sam 15:22 2Chr 16:9 1Sam 15:11 1Sam 15:28 1Kgs 18:18 1Kgs 21:20 2Chr 19:2
14 But now your sovereignty will not last; Yahweh has discovered a man after his own heart and designated him as leader of his people, since you have not carried out what Yahweh ordered you.'
Acts 13:22 1Sam 15:28 1Sam 2:30 1Sam 9:16 1Sam 16:1 1Sam 16:12 2Kgs 20:5
15 Samuel then got up and left Gilgal to continue his journey. Those people remaining followed Saul as he went to join the warriors, and went from Gilgal to Geba of Benjamin. Saul reviewed the force that was with him; there were about six hundred men.
1Sam 13:2 1Sam 14:2 1Sam 13:6-7
16 Saul, his son Jonathan, and the force that was with them took up their quarters in Geba of Benjamin while the Philistines camped at Michmash.
17 The raiding company sallied out of the Philistine camp in three groups: one group made for Ophrah in the territory of Shual;
Josh 18:23 1Sam 14:15 1Sam 11:11 Josh 19:3
18 one group made for Beth-Horon; and one group made for the high ground overlooking the Valley of the Hyenas, in the direction of the desert.
Neh 11:34 Josh 18:13-14 Josh 16:3 1Chr 6:68 2Chr 8:5 Gen 14:2 Hos 11:8
19 There was not a single blacksmith throughout the territory of Israel, the Philistines' reasoning being, 'We do not want the Hebrews making swords or spears.'
2Kgs 24:14 Jer 24:1 Judg 5:8 Isa 54:16
20 Hence, the Israelites were all in the habit of going down individually to the Philistines to sharpen their ploughshares, axes, mattocks and scythes.
21 The price was two-thirds of a shekel for ploughshares and axes, and one-third for sharpening mattocks and straightening goads.
22 So it was that on the day of the battle, no one in the army with Saul and Jonathan was equipped with either sword or spear; only Saul and his son Jonathan were so equipped.
Judg 5:8 1Cor 1:27-29 1Sam 17:47 1Sam 17:50 2Cor 4:7 Zech 4:6
23 A Philistine unit set out for the Pass of Michmash.
Isa 10:28 1Sam 14:1 1Sam 14:4-5 1Sam 13:2-3 1Sam 13:5 2Sam 23:14