1 The king then had all the elders of Judah and of Jerusalem summoned to him,
2Chr 29:20 2Chr 30:2 2Chr 34:29-33 2Sam 6:1 Deut 31:28
2 and the king went up to the Temple of Yahweh with all the people of Judah and all the inhabitants of Jerusalem, priests, prophets and the whole populace, high and low. In their hearing he read out the entire contents of the Book of the Covenant discovered in the Temple of Yahweh.
2Kgs 22:8 Deut 31:10-13 Rev 20:12 1Kgs 8:9 1Sam 5:9 1Sam 30:2 2Chr 15:13
3 The king then, standing on the dais, bound himself by the covenant before Yahweh, to follow Yahweh, to keep his commandments, decrees and laws with all his heart and soul, and to carry out the terms of the covenant as written in this book. All the people pledged their allegiance to the covenant.
2Kgs 11:14 2Kgs 11:17 Deut 13:4 2Chr 15:12-14 2Chr 23:13 2Chr 23:16 2Chr 29:10
4 The king ordered Hilkiah with the priest next in rank and the guardians of the threshold to remove all the cult objects which had been made for Baal, Asherah and the whole array of heaven; he burnt them outside Jerusalem in the fields of the Kidron and had the ashes taken to Bethel.
2Kgs 21:3 2Kgs 21:7 2Chr 33:3 2Kgs 25:18 1Chr 24:4-19 1Chr 26:1-19 1Kgs 12:29
5 He exterminated the spurious priests whom the kings of Judah had appointed and who offered sacrifice on the high places, in the towns of Judah and the neighbourhood of Jerusalem; also those who offered sacrifice to Baal, to the sun, the moon, the constellations and the whole array of heaven.
2Kgs 21:3-4 Hos 10:5 Jer 8:1-2 Jer 44:17-19
6 And from the Temple of Yahweh he took the sacred pole outside Jerusalem to the Kidron valley and in the Kidron valley he burnt it, reducing it to ashes and throwing its ashes on the common burial-ground.
2Chr 34:4 2Kgs 23:15 1Kgs 14:23 1Kgs 16:33 2Kgs 10:27 2Kgs 21:7 Deut 7:25
7 He pulled down the house of the sacred male prostitutes which was in the Temple of Yahweh and where the women wove veils for Asherah.
1Kgs 15:12 Ezek 16:16 1Kgs 14:24 Exod 35:25-26 1Kgs 22:46 2Chr 34:33 Ezek 8:14
8 He brought all the priests in from the towns of Judah, and from Geba to Beersheba he rendered unsanctified the high places where these priests had offered sacrifice. He pulled down the High Place of the Gates, which stood at the gate of Joshua, the governor of the city, to the left of the entry to the city.
1Kgs 15:22 Josh 21:17 1Chr 6:60 1Kgs 19:3 Gen 21:31 Gen 26:23 Isa 10:29
9 The priests of the high places, however, did not officiate at the altar of Yahweh in Jerusalem, although they did share the unleavened bread of their brother-priests.
Ezek 44:10-14 1Sam 2:36 Ezek 44:29-31 Mal 2:8-9
10 He rendered unsanctified Tophet in the Valley of Ben-Hinnom, so that no one could pass his son or daughter through the fire of sacrifice to Molech.
Isa 30:33 Jer 7:31-32 Jer 19:6 Lev 18:21 Jer 32:35 Josh 15:8 Deut 18:10
11 He destroyed the horses which the kings of Judah had dedicated to the sun at the entrance to the Temple of Yahweh, near the apartment of Nathan-Melech the official, in the precincts, and he burned the solar chariot.
Ezek 8:16 2Chr 14:5 2Chr 34:4 2Kgs 23:5 Deut 4:19
12 The king pulled down altars which the kings of Judah had built on the roof and those which Manasseh had built in the two courts of the Temple of Yahweh, and broke them to pieces on the spot, throwing their rubble into the Kidron valley.
2Kgs 21:5 Jer 19:13 Zeph 1:5 2Chr 33:5 2Chr 33:15 2Kgs 21:21-22 2Kgs 23:4
13 The king rendered unsanctified the high places facing Jerusalem, to the south of the Mount of Olives, which Solomon king of Israel had built for Astarte the Sidonian abomination, for Chemosh the Moabite abomination, and for Milcom the Ammonite abomination.
1Kgs 11:5 1Kgs 11:7 Num 21:29 1Kgs 11:33 1Sam 7:4 1Sam 12:10 Jer 48:7
14 He also smashed the sacred pillars, cut down the sacred poles, and covered with human bones the places where they had stood.
Deut 7:5 Exod 23:24 2Kgs 23:16 2Chr 34:3-4 Deut 7:25-26 Ezek 39:12-16 Jer 8:1-2
15 As for the altar which was at Bethel, the high place built by Jeroboam son of Nebat who had led Israel into sin, he demolished this altar and this high place as well, in the same way, breaking up its stones and reducing them to powder. The sacred pole he burned.
1Kgs 14:16 2Kgs 23:6 1Kgs 12:28-1 1Kgs 15:30 1Kgs 21:22 2Kgs 10:31
16 On looking round, Josiah saw the tombs there on the hillside; he had the bones fetched from the tombs and burned them on the altar. This he rendered unsanctified, in accordance with the word of Yahweh which the man of God had proclaimed when Jeroboam was standing by the altar at the time of the feast. On looking round, Josiah caught sight of the tomb of the man of God who had foretold these things.
1Kgs 13:1-2 1Kgs 13:32 John 10:35 Matt 24:35
17 'What is that monument I see?' he asked. The townspeople replied, 'It is the tomb of the man of God who came from Judah and foretold what you have done to the altar.'
1Kgs 13:1 1Kgs 13:30-31
18 'Let him rest,' the king said, 'and let no one disturb his bones.' So they left his bones untouched, with the bones of the prophet who came from Samaria.
1Kgs 13:31 1Kgs 13:1-22
19 Josiah also destroyed all the shrines on the high places which were in the towns of Samaria and which the kings of Israel had built to provoke Yahweh's anger; he treated these places exactly as he had treated the one at Bethel.
2Chr 34:6-7 1Kgs 12:31 1Kgs 13:32 1Kgs 16:33 2Chr 30:6-11 2Chr 31:1 2Kgs 8:18
20 All the priests of the high places who were there he slaughtered on the altars, and on those altars burned human bones. Then he returned to Jerusalem.
2Kgs 11:18 2Chr 34:5 2Kgs 10:25 Exod 22:20 1Kgs 13:2 1Kgs 18:40 Deut 13:5
21 The king gave this order to the whole people: 'Celebrate a Passover to Yahweh your God, as prescribed in this Book of the Covenant.'
Deut 16:1-8 2Chr 35:1-19 Exod 12:3-20 Lev 23:5-8 Num 9:2-5 Num 28:16-25
22 No Passover like this had ever been celebrated since the days when the judges ruled Israel, nor throughout the entire period of the kings of Israel and the kings of Judah.
2Chr 30:1-3 2Chr 30:13-20 2Chr 35:3-19
23 The eighteenth year of King Josiah was the only time when such a Passover was celebrated in Yahweh's honour in Jerusalem.
24 What is more, the spirit-guides and mediums, the household gods and idols, and all the abominations to be seen in the country of Judah and in Jerusalem, were swept away by Josiah to give effect to the words of the Law written in the book found by the priest Hilkiah in the Temple of Yahweh.
Lev 19:31 2Kgs 21:6 Gen 31:19 Deut 18:10-12 Lev 20:27 1Sam 28:3-7 2Chr 34:14-19
25 No king before him turned to Yahweh as he did, with all his heart, all his soul, all his strength, in perfect loyalty to the Law of Moses; nor did any king like him arise again.
2Kgs 18:5 1Kgs 2:4 1Kgs 8:48 1Kgs 15:5 2Kgs 23:3 Deut 4:29 Deut 6:5
26 Yet Yahweh did not renounce the heat of his great anger which had been aroused against Judah by all the provocations which Manasseh had caused him.
2Kgs 21:11-13 2Kgs 24:4 2Chr 36:16 2Kgs 22:16-17 2Kgs 24:2 Jer 3:7-10 Jer 15:1-4
27 Yahweh said, 'I shall thrust Judah away from me too, as I have already thrust Israel; I shall cast off Jerusalem, this city which I have chosen, and the Temple of which I have said: My Name shall be there.'
2Kgs 18:11 2Kgs 21:13 2Kgs 17:18 2Kgs 17:20 2Kgs 21:4 1Kgs 8:29 1Kgs 9:3
28 The rest of the history of Josiah, his entire career, is this not recorded in the Book of the Annals of the Kings of Judah?
29 In his times, Pharaoh Necho king of Egypt was advancing to meet the king of Assyria at the River Euphrates, and King Josiah went to intercept him; but Necho killed him at Megiddo in the first encounter.
Jer 46:2 2Chr 35:20-24 Judg 5:19 Zech 12:11 1Kgs 4:12 2Kgs 9:27 2Kgs 14:8
30 His retainers carried his body from Megiddo by chariot; they brought him to Jerusalem and buried him in his own tomb. The people of the country then took Jehoahaz son of Josiah and anointed him, proclaiming him king in succession to his father.
2Kgs 9:28 2Chr 36:1-4 1Kgs 22:33-38 2Chr 35:24 2Kgs 14:21 2Kgs 21:24
31 Jehoahaz was twenty-three years old when he came to the throne, and he reigned for three months in Jerusalem. His mother's name was Hamutal daughter of Jeremiah, of Libnah.
1Chr 3:15 2Kgs 24:18 Jer 22:11
32 He did what is displeasing to Yahweh, just as his ancestors had done.
2Kgs 21:2-7 2Kgs 21:21-22
33 Pharaoh Necho put him in chains at Riblah in Hamath, to prevent his reigning any longer in Jerusalem, and imposed a levy of a hundred talents of silver and ten talents of gold on the country.
1Kgs 8:65 2Kgs 25:6 Jer 39:5-6 Jer 52:9-10 Jer 52:26-27 2Chr 36:3-4 2Kgs 18:14
34 Pharaoh Necho then made Eliakim son of Josiah king in succession to Josiah his father, and changed his name to Jehoiakim. Carrying off Jehoahaz, he took him to Egypt, where he died.
Ezek 19:3-4 1Chr 3:15 2Kgs 24:17 Jer 22:11-12 Dan 1:7 2Chr 36:3-4 Gen 41:45
35 Jehoiakim paid over the silver and gold to Pharaoh, but first had to tax the people of the country before he could raise the sum which Pharaoh demanded: he levied the silver and gold to be paid over to Pharaoh Necho from each according to his means.
2Kgs 23:33 2Kgs 15:19-20
36 Jehoiakim was twenty-five years old when he came to the throne, and he reigned for eleven years in Jerusalem. His mother's name was Zebidah daughter of Pedaiah of Rumah.
2Chr 36:5 1Chr 3:15 Jer 1:3 Jer 26:1
37 He did what is displeasing to Yahweh, just as his ancestors had done.
2Chr 28:22-25 2Chr 33:4-10 2Chr 33:22-23 2Kgs 23:32 Ezek 19:5-9 Jer 22:13-17 Jer 26:20-23