1 After this, when the king of the Ammonites died and his son Hanun succeeded him,
1Chr 19:1-19 1Sam 11:1-3 Judg 10:7-9 Judg 11:12-28
2 David thought, 'I shall show Hanun son of Nahash the same faithful love as his father showed me.' And David sent his representatives to offer him condolences over his father. But, when David's representatives reached the Ammonites' country,
1Sam 11:1 1Sam 22:3-4 Deut 23:3-6 Neh 4:3-7 Neh 13:1-3
3 the Ammonite princes said to Hanun their master, 'Do you really think David means to honour your father when he sends you messengers with sympathy? On the contrary, the reason why David has sent his representatives to you is to explore the city, to reconnoitre and so overthrow it.'
Gen 42:9 Gen 42:16 1Cor 13:5 1Cor 13:7
4 Whereupon Hanun seized David's representatives, shaved off half their beards, cut their clothes off halfway up, at their buttocks, and sent them away.
Isa 20:4 Jer 41:5 1Chr 19:3-4 Isa 15:2 Lev 19:27 Ps 109:4-5 Isa 47:2-3
5 When David was told, he sent someone to meet them, since the men were overcome with shame. 'Stay in Jericho', the king said, 'until your beards have grown again, and come back then.'
1Chr 19:5 1Kgs 16:34 Josh 6:24-26
6 When the Ammonites realised that they had antagonised David, they sent agents to hire twenty thousand foot soldiers from the Aramaeans of Beth-Rehob and the Aramaeans of Zobah, one thousand men from the king of Maacah and twelve thousand men from the prince of Tob.
2Sam 8:3 2Sam 8:5 Gen 34:30 1Sam 27:12 Judg 11:3 Judg 11:5 Judg 18:28
7 When David heard this, he sent Joab with the whole army, the champions.
1Chr 19:8-19 2Sam 23:8-39
8 The Ammonites marched out and drew up their line of battle at the city gate, while the Aramaeans of Zobah and of Rehob and the men of Tob and Maacah kept their distance in the open country.
2Sam 10:6 1Chr 19:7 Josh 19:28 Judg 1:31 Num 13:21
9 Joab, seeing that he had to fight on two fronts, to his front and to his rear, chose the best of Israel's picked men and drew them up in line facing the Aramaeans.
Josh 8:21-22 Judg 20:42-43
10 He entrusted the rest of the army to his brother Abishai, and drew them up in line facing the Ammonites.
11 'If the Aramaeans prove too strong for me,' he said, 'you must come to my help; if the Ammonites prove too strong for you, I shall come to yours.
1Chr 19:9-12 Gal 6:2 Luke 22:32 Neh 4:20 Phil 1:27-28 Rom 15:1
12 Be brave! Let us acquit ourselves like men for the sake of our people and for the cities of our God. And let Yahweh do as he thinks right!'
1Cor 16:13 Deut 31:6 1Sam 3:18 1Sam 4:9 Judg 10:15 Neh 4:14 Heb 13:6
13 Joab and the force with him joined battle with the Aramaeans, who fled at his onslaught.
1Kgs 20:13-21 1Chr 19:14-15 1Kgs 20:28-30 2Chr 13:5-16
14 When the Ammonites saw that the Aramaeans had fled, they too fled from Abishai and withdrew into the city. Hence, Joab broke off his campaign against the Ammonites and returned to Jerusalem.
15 The Aramaeans, realising that Israel had got the better of them, concentrated their forces.
Isa 8:9-10 Mic 4:11-12 Ps 2:1 Rev 19:19-21 Zech 14:2-3
16 Hadadezer sent messengers and mobilised the Aramaeans living on the other side of the river; and these arrived at Helam, with Shobach the commander of Hadadezer's army, at their head.
1Chr 19:16 2Sam 8:3-8 1Chr 18:3 1Chr 18:5
17 David, being informed of this, mustered all Israel, crossed the Jordan and arrived at Helam. The Aramaeans drew up in line facing David and engaged him.
18 But the Aramaeans fled from Israel, and David killed seven hundred of their chariot teams and forty thousand men; he also cut down Shobach the commander of their army, who died there.
1Chr 19:18 2Sam 8:4 Judg 4:2 Judg 4:22 Judg 5:26 Ps 18:38 Ps 46:11
19 When all Hadadezer's vassal kings saw that Israel had got the better of them, they made peace with the Israelites and became their subjects. The Aramaeans were afraid to give any more help to the Ammonites.
2Sam 8:6 1Chr 19:19 1Kgs 20:1 Dan 2:37 Gen 14:1-5 Isa 26:11 Josh 11:10