1 The whole community of Israelites left the desert of Sin, travelling by stages as Yahweh ordered. They pitched camp at Rephidim where there was no water for the people to drink.
Exod 16:1 Exod 19:2 Exod 17:8 Num 33:12-14
2 The people took issue with Moses for this and said, 'Give us water to drink.' Moses replied, 'Why take issue with me? Why do you put Yahweh to the test?'
Deut 6:16 Ps 78:41 1Cor 10:9 Ps 78:18 Isa 7:12 Matt 4:7 Heb 3:9
3 But tormented by thirst, the people complained to Moses. 'Why did you bring us out of Egypt,' they said, 'only to make us, our children and our livestock, die of thirst?'
Exod 16:2-3 Exod 15:24
4 Moses appealed to Yahweh for help. 'How am I to deal with this people?' he said. 'Any moment now they will stone me!'
1Sam 30:6 Num 14:10 Acts 14:19 John 8:59 John 10:31 Acts 7:50 Exod 15:25
5 Yahweh then said to Moses, 'Go on ahead of the people, taking some of the elders of Israel with you; in your hand take the staff with which you struck the River, and go.
Acts 20:23-24 Exod 7:19-20 Ezek 2:6 Num 20:8-11
6 I shall be waiting for you there on the rock (at Horeb). Strike the rock, and water will come out for the people to drink.' This was what Moses did, with the elders of Israel looking on.
1Cor 10:4 Num 20:9-11 Ps 105:41 Ps 114:8 Deut 8:15 John 7:37-38 Neh 9:15
7 He gave the place the names Massah and Meribah because of the Israelites' contentiousness and because they put Yahweh to the test by saying, 'Is Yahweh with us, or not?'
Ps 81:7 Num 20:13 Ps 95:8 Deut 9:22 Exod 17:2 Heb 3:8-9 Acts 7:37-39
8 The Amalekites then came and attacked Israel at Rephidim.
1Sam 15:2 1Sam 30:1 Deut 25:17-19 Gen 36:12 Num 24:20 Gen 36:16 Ps 83:7
9 Moses said to Joshua, 'Pick some men and tomorrow morning go out and engage Amalek. I, for my part, shall take my stand on the hilltop with the staff of God in my hand.'
Exod 4:20 Exod 24:13 Deut 32:44 Exod 4:2 Acts 7:45 Exod 17:13 Heb 4:8
10 Joshua did as Moses had told him and went out to engage Amalek, while Moses, Aaron and Hur went up to the top of the hill.
Exod 24:14 Exod 31:2 Matt 28:20 Exod 17:12 John 2:5 John 15:14 Josh 11:15
11 As long as Moses kept his arms raised, Israel had the advantage; when he let his arms fall, the advantage went to Amalek.
1Tim 2:8 Jas 5:16 Luke 18:1 Ps 56:9
12 But Moses' arms grew heavy, so they took a stone and put it under him and on this he sat, with Aaron and Hur supporting his arms on each side. Thus his arms remained unwavering till sunset,
1Thess 5:25 Isa 35:3 2Cor 1:11 Phil 1:19 Col 4:2 Eph 6:18 Mark 14:37-40
13 and Joshua defeated Amalek, putting their people to the sword.
Josh 10:28 Josh 10:32 Josh 10:37 Josh 10:42 Josh 11:12
14 Yahweh then said to Moses, 'Write this down in a book to commemorate it, and repeat it over to Joshua, for I shall blot out all memory of Amalek under heaven.'
1Sam 30:17 Exod 34:27 1Sam 30:1 2Sam 8:12 Num 24:20 Exod 12:14 Exod 13:9
15 Moses then built an altar and named it Yahweh-Nissi
Gen 22:14 Judg 6:24 Ps 60:4 Gen 33:20
16 meaning, 'Lay hold of Yahweh's banner! Yahweh will be at war with Amalek generation after generation.'
Acts 7:49 Isa 66:1 Ps 21:8-11