1 The word of Yahweh was addressed to me as follows,
2 'Why do you keep repeating this proverb in the land of Israel: The parents have eaten unripe grapes; and the children's teeth are set on edge?
Lam 5:7 Ezek 17:12 Isa 3:15 Jer 31:29-30 Ezek 6:2-3 Ezek 25:3 Ezek 37:11
3 'As I live -- declares the Lord Yahweh -- you will have no further cause to repeat this proverb in Israel.
Ezek 18:19-20 Ezek 18:30 Ezek 33:11-20 Ezek 36:31-32 Rom 3:19
4 Look, all life belongs to me; the father's life and the son's life, both alike belong to me. The one who has sinned is the one to die.
Ezek 18:20 Num 16:22 Rom 6:23 Heb 12:9 Gal 3:10-13 Gal 3:22 Isa 42:5
5 'But if a man is upright, his actions law-abiding and upright,
1John 2:3 1John 2:29 1John 3:7 1John 5:2-5 Ezek 33:14 Gen 18:19 Jas 1:22-25
6 and he does not eat on the mountains or raise his eyes to the foul idols of the House of Israel, does not defile his neighbour's wife or touch a woman during her periods,
Ezek 18:15 Deut 4:19 Ezek 6:13 Ezek 20:24 Ezek 18:11-12 Ezek 22:9-11 1Cor 6:9-11
7 oppresses no one, returns the pledge on a debt, does not rob, gives his own food to the hungry, his clothes to those who lack clothing,
Ezek 18:16 Exod 22:26 Ezek 18:12 Deut 24:12-13 Ezek 33:15 Ezek 18:18 Luke 3:11
8 does not lend for profit, does not charge interest, abstains from evil, gives honest judgement between one person and another,
Exod 22:25 Zech 8:16 Deut 23:19-20 Ezek 18:13 Ezek 18:17 Ezek 22:12 Lev 25:35-37
9 keeps my laws and sincerely respects my judgements -- someone like this is truly upright and will live -- declares the Lord Yahweh.
Amos 5:4 Ezek 20:11 Ezek 18:17 Hab 2:4 Deut 10:12-13 Rom 1:17 1John 2:29
10 'But if he has a son prone to violence and bloodshed, who commits one of these misdeeds-
Exod 21:12 1John 3:12 Exod 22:2 Gen 9:5-6 John 18:40 Lev 19:13 Mal 3:8-9
11 even though the father never has -- a son who dares to eat on the mountains, who defiles his neighbour's wife,
1John 3:22 1Kgs 13:8 1Kgs 13:22 Ezek 18:6-7 Ezek 18:15 Jas 2:17 John 13:17
12 who oppresses the poor and needy, robs, fails to return pledges, raises his eyes to foul idols, engages in loathsome practices,
Ezek 8:6 Ezek 8:17 2Kgs 21:11 Amos 4:1 Ezek 18:6-7 Ezek 18:16 Zech 7:10
13 lends for profit, or charges interest, such a person will by no means live; having committed all these appalling crimes he will die, and his blood be on his own head.
Exod 22:25 Ezek 3:18 Ezek 18:8 Lev 20:9 Acts 18:6 Ezek 18:17 Ezek 18:24
14 'But if he in turn has a son who, in spite of seeing all the sins that his father has committed, does not imitate him,
2Chr 34:21 Prov 23:24 1Pet 1:18 2Chr 29:3-11 Ezek 18:10 Ezek 18:28 Ezek 20:18
15 does not eat on the mountains or raise his eyes to the foul idols of the House of Israel, does not defile his neighbour's wife,
Ezek 18:6-7 Ezek 18:11-13
16 oppresses no one, takes no pledges, does not rob, gives his own food to the hungry, his clothes to those who lack clothing,
Ezek 18:7 Eccl 11:1-2 Isa 58:7-10 Job 22:7 Job 31:19 Luke 11:41 Luke 14:13
17 abstains from evil, does not lend for profit or charge interest, respects my judgements and keeps my laws, he will not die for his father's sins: he will most certainly live.
Ezek 18:8-9 Dan 4:27 Ezek 3:21 Ezek 18:13 Ezek 18:19-21 Ezek 18:28 Ezek 20:18
18 But his father, because he was violent, robbed others and never did good among his people, will most certainly die in his guilt.
Ezek 3:18 Ezek 18:4 Ezek 18:20 Ezek 18:24 Ezek 18:26 Isa 3:11 John 8:21
19 'Now, you say, "Why doesn't the son bear his father's guilt?" If the son has been law-abiding and upright, has kept all my laws and followed them, most certainly he will live.
Exod 20:5 Jer 15:4 Zech 1:3-6 Deut 5:9 Ezek 20:18-20 2Kgs 23:26 2Kgs 24:3-4
20 The one who has sinned is the one who must die; a son is not to bear his father's guilt, nor a father his son's guilt. The upright will be credited with his uprightness, and the wicked with his wickedness.
2Kgs 14:6 Deut 24:16 Ezek 18:4 1Kgs 8:32 Isa 3:10-11 Rom 2:6-9 2Chr 25:4
21 'If the wicked, however, renounces all the sins he has committed, respects my laws and is law-abiding and upright, he will most certainly live; he will not die.
Ezek 18:27-28 Ezek 33:19 Ezek 18:5 Ezek 18:9 Ezek 18:19 Ezek 18:30 Luke 24:47
22 None of the crimes he committed will be remembered against him from then on; he will most certainly live because of his upright actions.
Ezek 33:16 Isa 43:25 Mic 7:19 Ps 18:20-24 Ezek 18:24 Jer 50:20 1John 3:7
23 Would I take pleasure in the death of the wicked -- declares the Lord Yahweh -- and not prefer to see him renounce his wickedness and live?
Ezek 18:32 Ezek 33:11 2Pet 3:9 1Tim 2:4 Ps 147:11 Mic 7:18 Exod 34:6-7
24 'But if the upright abandons uprightness and does wrong by copying all the loathsome practices of the wicked, is he to live? All his upright actions will be forgotten from then on; for the infidelity of which he is guilty and the sin which he has committed, he will most certainly die.
Ezek 33:18 Ezek 18:22 Ezek 18:26 1Sam 15:11 2Chr 24:2 2Chr 24:17-22 2John 1:8
25 'Now, you say, "What the Lord does is unjust." Now listen, House of Israel: is what I do unjust? Is it not what you do that is unjust?
Ezek 33:17 Mal 3:13-15 Ezek 33:20 Gen 18:25 Jer 12:1 Mal 2:17 Zeph 3:5
26 When the upright abandons uprightness and does wrong and dies, he dies because of the wrong which he himself has done.
27 Similarly, when the wicked abandons wickedness to become law-abiding and upright, he saves his own life.
Isa 1:18 Ezek 18:21 Isa 55:7 1Tim 4:16 Acts 2:40 Acts 3:19 Acts 20:21
28 Having chosen to renounce all his previous crimes, he will most certainly live: he will not die.
1Sam 7:3-4 Col 3:5-9 Deut 32:29 Ezek 12:3 Ezek 18:14 Ezek 18:21 Ezek 18:31
29 And yet the House of Israel says, "What the Lord does is unjust." Is what I do unjust, House of Israel? Is it not what you do that is unjust?
Ezek 18:25 Prov 19:3 Ezek 18:2
30 So in future, House of Israel, I shall judge each of you by what that person does -- declares the Lord Yahweh. Repent, renounce all your crimes, avoid all occasions for guilt.
Ezek 18:21 Hos 12:6 Joel 2:12-13 Luke 13:3 Ezek 7:3 Ezek 14:6 Ezek 33:20
31 Shake off all the crimes you have committed, and make yourselves a new heart and a new spirit! Why die, House of Israel?
Ezek 11:19 Ps 51:10 Ezek 33:11 Ezek 36:26 Isa 1:16-17 Rom 8:13 Deut 30:19
32 I take no pleasure in the death of anyone -- declares the Lord Yahweh -- so repent and live!'
Ezek 18:23 2Pet 3:9 Ezek 33:11 Lam 3:33