1 The Israelites did what is evil in Yahweh's eyes, and for seven years Yahweh handed them over to Midian;
Gen 25:2 Hab 3:7 Deut 28:15-68 Judg 2:11 Judg 2:13-14 Judg 2:19-20 Lev 26:14-46
2 and Midian bore down heavily on Israel. To escape from the Midianites the Israelites used the mountain clefts and the caves and shelters.
1Sam 13:6 Heb 11:38 1Sam 14:11 Deut 28:47-48 Lev 26:17 Rev 6:15
3 Whenever Israel sowed seed the Midianites would march up with Amalek and the sons of the East. They would march on Israel.
Judg 3:13 Judg 7:12 1Kgs 4:30 Gen 29:1 Job 1:3 Judg 6:33 Judg 8:10
4 They would pitch camp on their territory and destroy the produce of the country as far as Gaza. They left Israel nothing to live on, not a sheep or an ox or a donkey,
Lev 26:16 Deut 28:51 Deut 28:33 Mic 6:15 Deut 28:30-31 Gen 10:19 Gen 13:10
5 for they came up as thick as locusts with their cattle and their tents; they and their camels were innumerable, they invaded the country to pillage it.
Judg 7:12 Judg 8:10 1Sam 30:17 Isa 13:20 Isa 60:6 Jer 46:23 Jer 49:29
6 Thus, Midian brought Israel to great distress, and the Israelites cried to Yahweh.
Judg 3:9 Hos 5:15 Isa 26:16 Jer 5:17 Judg 3:15 Mal 1:4 Ps 50:15
7 When the Israelites cried to Yahweh because of Midian,
8 Yahweh sent a prophet to the Israelites. He said to them, 'This is what Yahweh, God of Israel, says, "It was I who brought you out of Egypt, and led you out of the place of slave-labour.
Ezek 20:5-32 Isa 63:9-14 Judg 2:1-3 Neh 9:9-12 Ps 136:10-16
9 I rescued you from the power of the Egyptians and from the power of all who oppressed you. I drove them out before you and gave their country to you.
10 And I said to you: I am Yahweh your God. You are not to fear the gods of the Amorites in whose country you are now living. But you have not listened to my voice." '
Jer 10:2 2Kgs 17:33 2Kgs 17:35-39 Exod 20:2-3 Heb 5:9 Jer 3:13 Jer 3:25
11 The Angel of Yahweh came and sat under the terebinth at Ophrah which belonged to Joash of Abiezer. Gideon his son was threshing wheat inside the wine-press, to keep it hidden from Midian,
Heb 11:32 Josh 17:2 Judg 13:3 Judg 8:2 Gen 16:7 Gen 48:16 Isa 63:9
12 and the Angel of Yahweh appeared to him and said, 'Yahweh is with you, valiant warrior!'
Luke 1:28 Judg 13:3 Luke 1:11 Josh 1:5 Josh 1:9 Judg 2:18 Matt 28:20
13 Gideon replied, 'Excuse me, my lord, but if Yahweh is with us, why is all this happening to us? And where are all his miracles which our ancestors used to tell us about when they said, "Did not Yahweh bring us out of Egypt?" But now Yahweh has deserted us; he has abandoned us to Midian,'
Ps 44:1 2Chr 15:2 Ps 89:49 Deut 29:24 Deut 30:17-18 Deut 31:17 Exod 33:14-16
14 At this, Yahweh turned to him and said, 'Go in this strength of yours, and you will rescue Israel from the power of Midian. Am I not sending you myself?'
Heb 11:34 1Sam 12:11 Heb 11:32 Josh 1:5-9 1Chr 14:9-10 Judg 4:6
15 Gideon replied, 'Forgive me, my lord, but how can I deliver Israel? My clan is the weakest in Manasseh and I am the least important of my father's family.'
Exod 3:11 1Sam 9:21 1Cor 15:9 1Sam 18:23 Eph 3:8 Exod 4:10 Exod 18:21-25
16 Yahweh replied, 'I shall be with you and you will crush Midian as though it were one man.'
Exod 3:12 Josh 1:5 Acts 11:21 Isa 41:10 Isa 41:14-16 Judg 6:12 Mark 16:20
17 Gideon said, 'If I have found favour in your sight, give me a sign that you are speaking to me.
Exod 33:13 Isa 7:11 Ps 86:17 2Kgs 20:8-11 Exod 4:1-9 Exod 33:16 Gen 15:8-17
18 Please do not go away from here until I come back to you, bringing you my offering and laying it before you.' And he replied, 'I shall stay until you come back.'
Gen 18:3 Gen 18:5 Judg 13:15 Gen 19:3
19 Gideon went away, he prepared a young goat and from an ephah of flour he made unleavened cakes. He put the meat into a basket and the broth into a pot, then brought it all to him under the terebinth. As he approached,
Gen 18:6-8 Judg 13:15-19 Lev 2:4
20 the Angel of Yahweh said to him, 'Take the meat and unleavened cakes, put them on this rock and pour the broth over them.' Gideon did so.
Judg 13:19 1Kgs 18:33-34
21 The Angel of Yahweh then stretched out the tip of the staff which he was carrying, and touched the meat and unleavened cakes. Fire sprang from the rock and consumed the meat and unleavened cakes, and the Angel of Yahweh vanished before his eyes.
Lev 9:24 1Kgs 18:38 2Chr 7:1 1Chr 21:26 Judg 13:20
22 Gideon then knew that this was the Angel of Yahweh, and he said, 'Alas, my Lord Yahweh! Now I have seen the Angel of Yahweh face to face!'
Exod 33:20 Gen 32:30 Deut 5:26 Deut 5:5 Deut 5:24 Gen 16:13 Isa 6:5-8
23 Yahweh answered, 'Peace be with you; have no fear; you will not die.'
Dan 10:19 Gen 32:30 Gen 43:23 John 14:27 John 20:19 John 20:26 Ps 85:8
24 Gideon built an altar there to Yahweh and called it Yahweh-Peace. This altar stands in our own day at Ophrah of Abiezer.
Gen 22:14 Exod 17:15 Ezek 48:35 Judg 8:32 Jer 23:6 Gen 33:20 Jer 33:16
25 Now that night, Yahweh said to Gideon, 'Take your father's bull, the seven-year-old bull, and pull down the altar to Baal belonging to your father and cut down the sacred pole beside it.
Exod 34:13 Deut 7:5 Judg 3:7 1Kgs 18:21 2Cor 6:15-17 Acts 4:19 Acts 5:29
26 Then, on top of this strong-point, build a proper altar to Yahweh your God. Then take the bull and burn it as a burnt offering on the wood of the sacred pole which you have cut down.'
1Cor 14:33 1Cor 14:40 2Sam 24:18
27 Gideon then took ten of his servants and did as Yahweh had ordered him. But, being too frightened of his family and of the townspeople to do it in daylight, he did it at night.
John 2:5 1Thess 2:4 Deut 4:1 Gal 1:16 John 3:2 John 15:14 Matt 16:24
28 Next morning, when the townspeople got up, they found that the altar to Baal had been destroyed, the sacred pole standing beside it had been cut down and the bull had been sacrificed as a burnt offering on the newly built altar.
29 'Who has done this?' they asked one another. They searched, made enquiries and declared, 'Gideon son of Joash has done it.'
30 The townspeople then said to Joash, 'Bring out your son; he must die for having destroyed Baal's altar and cut down the sacred pole which stood beside it.'
Acts 26:9 Jer 26:11 Jer 50:38 John 16:2 Phil 3:6
31 To the people all crowding round him, Joash replied, 'Is it your job to plead for Baal? Is it your job to champion his cause? (Anyone who pleads for Baal must be put to death before dawn.) If he is a god, let him plead for himself, now that Gideon has destroyed his altar.'
1Cor 8:4 1Kgs 18:27 1Kgs 18:29 1Kgs 18:40 Deut 13:5-18 Deut 17:2-7 Eph 5:11
32 That day, Gideon was given the name Jerubbaal, because, they said, 'Baal must plead against him, because he has destroyed his altar!'
1Sam 12:11 2Sam 11:21 Judg 7:1 Hos 9:10 Jer 11:13
33 All Midian and Amalek and the sons of the East joined forces and, having crossed the Jordan, pitched camp in the plain of Jezreel.
Josh 17:16 Judg 6:3 1Chr 5:19 1Kgs 18:45 1Kgs 21:1 Isa 8:9-10 Job 1:3
34 And the spirit of Yahweh clothed Gideon around; he sounded the horn and Abiezer rallied behind him.
Judg 3:10 Judg 3:27 1Chr 12:18 2Chr 24:20 1Cor 12:8-11 1Sam 10:6 1Sam 11:6
35 He sent messengers throughout Manasseh, and Manasseh too rallied behind him; he sent messengers to Asher, Zebulun and Naphtali, and they marched out to meet him.
2Chr 30:6-12 Judg 4:6
36 Gideon said to God, 'If it is really you delivering Israel by means of me, as you have said,
Judg 6:14 2Kgs 20:9 Exod 4:1-9 Judg 6:17-20 Matt 16:1 Ps 103:13-14
37 look, I am going to put a woollen fleece on the threshing-floor; if there is dew only on the fleece and all the ground stays dry, then I shall know that you will deliver Israel by means of me, as you have said.'
Hos 14:5 Matt 10:5-6 Matt 15:24 Deut 32:2 Hos 6:3-4 Ps 72:6 Ps 147:19-20
38 And so it happened. Early next morning, Gideon got up, squeezed the fleece and wrung enough dew out of the fleece to fill a cup.
39 Gideon then said to God, 'Do not be angry with me if I speak just once more. Allow me to make the fleece-test just once more: let the fleece alone be dry and there be dew all over the ground!'
Gen 18:32 Isa 35:6-7 Isa 43:19-20 Isa 50:2 Matt 21:43 Ps 107:33-35 Acts 13:46
40 And God did so that night. The fleece alone stayed dry, and there was dew all over the ground.